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Übersicht der Masterarbeitsthemen dieser Professur

Durch Klick auf die einzelnen Themen werden die Detail-Informationen angezeigt.

 


offen:

  • Trauma and resilience in older adults with experiences of childhood abuse and maltreatment: A qualitative investigation

    Beschreibung: Background: Childhood abuse and maltreatment, such as sexual abuse or physical and emotional abuse or neglect, is associated with long-lasting negative effects on psychological and physical health and well-being. However, not all individuals go on to develop ill-health or psychopathology, with some even showing evidence of resilience. However, little is known about this phenomenon. Qualitative methods can provide a more in-depth understanding of this topic.

    Objective: The aim of this master thesis is to assess factors associated with resilience, vulnerability, and coping (e.g., individual, social, context, cultural aspects) in older adults with experiences of childhood trauma and abuse. It is part of a larger project on childhood abuse and maltreatment in institutional and welfare contexts (e.g., Swiss former Verdingkinder, Irish survivors of institutional abuse).

    Method: The thesis will consist of qualitative analysis of N=12 interviews with Irish survivors of childhood abuse and maltreatment. The exact research questions will be developed further, together with the successful master student, and tailored to their specific interests and expertise. The two successful master students will work together on data management and analysis. The interview data has already been collected and so for data collection the master student will work as part of the research team in the larger project. This involves the (currently in progress) recruiting and assessing (clinical interviews and self-report questionnaires) of older adults with and without experiences of childhood adversity and trauma.

    Requirements:
    Candidates should have a very good level of English, as the interview data is in English and the master thesis should be written and presented in English. The successful master student should also be fluent Swiss-German speakers to engage in the data collection. Previous knowledge of or experience with qualitative methods is desirable, but most important is a willingness for further independent learning in qualitative methods. Materials on qualitative methods will be provided to the successful candidate. Experience with participant recruitment, clinical interviews, and knowledge in clinical psychology would also be helpful.

    Literature:
    Flanagan, E., Carr, A., Dooley, B., Fitzpatrick, M., Flanagan-Howard, R., Shevlin, M., Tierney, K., White, M., Daly, M., & Egan, J. (2009). Profiles of resilient survivors of institutional abuse in Ireland. International Journal of Child & Family Welfare, 2(3), 56-73.

    Höltge, J., Mc Gee, S. L., Maercker, A., & Thoma, M. V. (2018). Childhood adversities and thriving skills: The sample case of older Swiss former indentured child laborers. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 26(8), 886-895. doi: 10.1016/j.jagp.2018.02.002
    Anzahl Arbeiten für dieses Thema: 2
    Zeitrahmen: Immediate start, with the first FoKo presentation next semester (FS 2020)
    Eingabedatum: 29.10.2019
    Kontakt: Dr. Shauna Mc Gee, E-Mail

    Status: offen (erfasst / geändert: 29.10.2019)
  • PTSD symptomatology over the life course in aged former indentured child laborers

    Beschreibung: Background: Studies on long-term consequences of severe stress, abuse and neglect during childhood have revealed different psychopathological trajectories: chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), delayed PTSD, subclinical PTSD/resilience, and recovered PTSD. However, so far, this trajectory-based approach has primarily been done from a theory-driven perspective. In particular, the impact of trauma and PTSD over the life course and specifically in adults of advanced age has previously been neglected.

    Objective: The aim of this master thesis is to examine pre- trauma, peri-trauma and post-trauma factors within a theoretical framework in now aged former indentured child laborers with different levels of exposure to childhood trauma. Validating and identifying these trajectories in this particular group will provide valuable information on trauma trajectories over the life course and PTSD in elderly in particular. This Master thesis will be conducted within a larger SNSF project, as part of the national research program (NRP76), on differentiating aging trajectories after early-life adversity.

    Method: The thesis will consist of recruiting and testing (clinical interviews and self-report inventories) older people with and without experiences of early-life adversity (N=250).

    Requirements: Interest and openness for the topic itself as well as for research with older people (50+). Start of collaboration: immediately or negotiable (recruitment during the summer). Experience with participant recruitment, clinical interviews, knowledge in clinical psychology and good statistical and methodological understanding are helpful. The study will be conducted in Swiss German. The thesis can be written either in German or in English.

    Anzahl Arbeiten für dieses Thema: 1
    Zeitrahmen: HS 2019/FS 2020
    Eingabedatum: 26.04.2019
    Kontakt: Carla Maren Eising, E-Mail

    Status: offen (erfasst / geändert: 26.04.2019)
  • Measurement and Assessment of Prolonged Grief Disorder in Swiss, Japanese and Chinese Bereaved Adults: Quantitative Analysis

    Beschreibung: Background: The definition of prolonged grief disorder (PGD) for the ICD-11 is based on symptoms found in Western society and guidelines for diagnosis have been preliminarily validated in this context. The validity and acceptability of these diagnostic guidelines in Japan and China is currently unknown. The present project explores similarities and contrasts in purported symptoms associated with grief (including somatization, and the identification of cultural idioms of grief distress) in detail in Chinese, Japan and Swiss bereaved individuals.

    Objective: This Master?s thesis will be part of a larger study developing culturally-sensitive online assessment measure of PGD for Swiss, Japanese and Chinese bereaved.

    Method: The thesis will consist of recruiting and testing bereaved participants. An examination of the acceptability and feasibility of the newly developed online international prolonged grief disorder scale along with preliminary psychometric validation will be conducted with battery of questionnaires (N=200 participants in each culture).

    This is the first study to explore grief cross culturally in Japan, China and Switzerland and to develop a culturally sensitive measure of grief based on the new ICD-11 criteria.

    Experience with participant recruitment, testing and basic statistical analysis will be helpful. The study will be conducted in German, Swiss German and English.


    Maercker, A., Brewin, C. R., Bryant, R. A., Cloitre, M., Ommeren, M., Jones, L.
    M., et al. Diagnosis and classification of disorders specifically associated with
    stress: proposals for ICD-11 . World Psychiatry 201 3; 12 (3):198-206.

    Xiu, D., Maercker, A., Woynar, s., Geirhofer, B., Yang, Y. and Jia, X. Features of
    Prolonged Grief Symptoms in Chinese and Swiss Bereaved Parents. Journal of
    Nervous and Mental Disease 201 6; 204 (9):693-701 .

    Kitayama, s., Mesquita, B. and Karasawa, M. Cultural affordances and emotional
    experience: socially engaging and disengaging emotions in Japan and the United
    States. J Pers Soc Psychol 2006; 91 (5):890.

    Anzahl Arbeiten für dieses Thema: 1
    Zeitrahmen: from January 2019
    Eingabedatum: 12.12.2018
    Kontakt: Dr Clare Killikelly, E-Mail

    Status: offen (erfasst / geändert: 03.01.2019)

 


vergeben:

  • Epidemiological Study of Dementia burden, trends, and risk factors in Switzerland

    Beschreibung: Background: Dementia is a global burden not only for the affected patients themselves, but also for their care givers, the health system and the society as a whole. Sound epidemiological evidence is indispensable to monitor trends, to generate novel scientific hypotheses and to advance knowledge regarding dementia risk factors and causes. Objective: This Master thesis will be part of a larger, multicenter SNSF project on the epidemiology of dementia in Switzerland. We aim to test whether and the extent to which age- and sex-specific prevalence of dementia in Switzerland differ from the current approximations derived from neighbouring countries. Method: The thesis involves the conduction of a pilot study with older adults in order to collect qualitative and quantitative data about the feasibility, acceptability and efficiency of an electronic version of a newly developed diagnostic tool for dementia in German, which will be applied in the epidemiological study. Requirements: Interest and openness for the topic itself as well as for research with older people (50+). Start of collaboration: immediately or negotiable. Experience with participant recruitment, testing and basic statistical analysis will be helpful. The study will be conducted in Swiss German. The thesis can be written either in German or in English.
    Anzahl Arbeiten für dieses Thema: 2
    Zeitrahmen: HS 2019/FS 2020
    Eingabedatum: 10.04.2019
    Kontakt: Myriam Thoma, Dr. phil. , E-Mail

    Status: vergeben (erfasst / geändert: 08.07.2019)
  • An investigation of the effect of trauma onset on ageing processes

    Beschreibung: Background: A large proportion of the population is confronted with traumatic experiences over the life-course. Given that experiencing a trauma is often associated with serious and long-lasting effects for mental and physical health, the question arises if the onset of trauma matters with regard to these health consequences. Existing literature shows heterogenous findings. As a result, the role of trauma onset for the process of ageing remains unclear. Objective: The aim of this master's thesis is to investigate the effect of trauma onset on the process of ageing by comparing individuals with experienced early-life adversities and individuals with trauma onset later in life. Identifying this effect will provide valuable information on ageing and PTSD trajectories in elderly. The thesis will be conducted within a larger SNSF project, as part of the national research program (NRP76), on differentiating aging trajectories after early-life adversity. Method: The thesis will consist of recruiting and testing older people with and without experiences of early-life adversity (N=250). Requirements: Interest and openness for the topic itself as well as for research with older people (50+). Start of collaboration: immediately or negotiable. Experience with participant recruitment, testing and basic statistical analysis will be helpful. The study will be conducted in Swiss German. The thesis can be written either in German or in English.
    Anzahl Arbeiten für dieses Thema: 1
    Zeitrahmen: HS 2019/FS 2020
    Eingabedatum: 10.05.2019
    Kontakt: Viviane Pfluger, MSc., E-Mail

    Status: vergeben (erfasst / geändert: 29.05.2019)
  • Validity of the German version of the International Trauma Questionnaire based on Item Response Theory Analyses.

    Beschreibung: This is a master thesis for students who wish to combine clinically relevant and applied research with challenging quantitative analyses. Along with the release of the updated International Classification of Disorders (ICD-11), also a self-report questionnaire has been developed in order to screen for ICD-11 symptoms of both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD): The International Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ). Whilst a number of studies have already investigated psychometric properties of the original English version, the German version currently lacks empirical validation. For practical applications in clinical settings, a proper validation is essential. The aim of this master thesis is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the German version of the ITQ within an Item Response Theory framework. The respective data has been already collected from a large and nationally representative study and is ready for analyses. Since this master thesis does not require own data collection, assistance in other research projects/an internship in the division is expected to gain relevant experience in clinical research. Voraussetzungen Solid knowledge in quantitative statistics and first experience working with R. No fear of complex data sets and modern statistical approaches. Literatur Augsburger, M. & Maercker, A. (2018). Spezifisch belastungsbezogene psychische Störungen im neuen ICD-11: Ein Überblick. Fortschritte der Neurologie ? Psychiatrie, 86, 1-7. doi: 10.1055/a-0576-6790 Cloitre, M., Shevlin, M., Brewin, C. R., Bisson, J. I., Roberts, N. P., Maercker, A., ... & Hyland, P. (2018). The International Trauma Questionnaire: development of a self?report measure of ICD?11 PTSD and complex PTSD. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. doi: 10.1111/acps.12956 Maercker, A., Hecker, T., Augsburger, M., & Kliem, S. (2018). ICD-11 prevalence rates of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in a German nationwide sample. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000790 Shevlin, M., Hyland, P., Roberts, N. P., Bisson, J. I., Brewin, C. R., & Cloitre, M. (2018). A psychometric assessment of Disturbances in Self-Organization symptom indicators for ICD-11 Complex PTSD using the International Trauma Questionnaire. European journal of psychotraumatology, 9(1), 1419749
    Anzahl Arbeiten für dieses Thema: 1
    Zeitrahmen: ab FS 2019
    Eingabedatum: 22.10.2018
    Kontakt: Mareike Augsburger, E-Mail

    Status: vergeben (erfasst / geändert: 22.05.2019)
  • The Role of Self-Compassion and Empathy for Healthy Aging

    Beschreibung: Background: Within psychological research self-compassion and empathy are often considered to promote positive health outcomes like well-being, satisfaction, and mental and physical health. While this relationship has been under the spotlight for quite a while, it is currently unclear if self-compassion and empathy also promote healthy aging. But as people nowadays get older and older, factors promoting healthy aging are of great interest. Therefore, the aim of this Master?s thesis is to investigate the extent to which self-compassion and empathy are relevant for healthy aging. Objective: This Master?s thesis will be part of a larger project on differentiating aging trajectories after early-life adversity and is part of the national research program (NRP76). Method: The thesis will consist of recruiting and testing older people with and without experiences of early-life adversity (N=250). Requirements: Interest and openness for the topic itself as well as for research with older people (50+). Start of collaboration: immediately or negotiable. Experience with participant recruitment, testing and basic statistical analysis will be helpful. The study will be conducted in Swiss German. The thesis can be written either in German or in English.
    Anzahl Arbeiten für dieses Thema: 1
    Zeitrahmen: HS 2019 / FS 2020
    Eingabedatum: 02.04.2019
    Kontakt: Viviane Pfluger, MSc., E-Mail

    Status: vergeben (erfasst / geändert: 10.05.2019)
  • Kulturelle Leidenskonzepte bei jungen Erwachsenen mit Albanisch als Muttersprache

    Beschreibung: In dieser Masterarbeit soll untersucht werden, wie junge Erwachsene albanischer Herkunft emotionale Belastung verstehen und welche Probleme sie beschreiben (z.B. Schwierigkeiten in der Familie, unterschiedliche Wertvorstellungen, etc.). In einer bereits durchführten Studie hat sich gezeigt, dass junge Erwachsene im Vergleich zu einer Stichprobe der älteren Generation eher dazu tendieren, die deutsche Sprache zu gebrauchen, um über psychische Belastung zu berichten. Im Vergleich zur älteren Gruppe zeigten sich auch Unterschiede, wie psychische Belastung wahrgenommen und konzeptualisiert wird. Im Rahmen dieser Masterarbeit sollen weitere deutschsprachige Interviews mit jungen Erwachsenen durchgeführt werden. Die Interviews werden anhand des Barts Explanatory Model Inventorys durchgeführt, anschliessend transkribiert und zusammen mit den bereits erhobenen Daten ausgewertet. Die Auswertung erfolgt mittels qualitativer Inhaltsanalyse und mithilfe des Programms MaxQDA. Die Forschungsfrage wird aufgrund der vorhandenen Daten näher spezifiziert. Voraussetzungen: Interesse an Fragestellungen der Klinischen Kulturpsychologie und Motivation für qualitative Forschungsmethoden. Literatur: Shala, M., Morina, N., Salis-Gross, C., Maercker, A., & Heim, E. (2018). A Point in the Heart: Concepts of emotional distress among Albanian-speaking immigrants in Switzerland. Manuskript eingereicht zur Publikation. Rüdell, K., Bhui, K., & Priebe, S. (2009). Concept, Development and Application of a New Mixed Method Assessment of Cultural Variations in Illness Perceptions: Barts Explanatory Model Inventory. Journal of Health Psychology, 14(2), 336?347.
    Anzahl Arbeiten für dieses Thema: 1
    Zeitrahmen: ab Mai 2019
    Eingabedatum: 20.03.2019
    Kontakt: Mirëlinda Shala, Mag. phil., E-Mail

    Status: vergeben (erfasst / geändert: 06.05.2019)
  • Neue Medien in der Behandlung von Substanzmissbrauch und bei Substanzungebundenen Süchten

    Beschreibung: Im Bereich Neue Medien in der Behandlung von Substanzmissbrauch untersuchen wir laufend den Einfluss unterschiedlicher Kommunikationskanäle, Varianten der angeleiteten (guided) Selbsthilfe und den Einfluss unterschiedlicher Involvierungsgrade von klinisch tätigen Personen (blended counseling) auf den Behandlungserfolg in der webbasierten Suchttherapie. Dabei beschäftigen sich typische Masterarbeiten mit der Untersuchung von unterschiedlichen Subgruppen von Teilnehmenden bezüglich ihrer soziodemographischen Merkmale, komorbiden psychischen Störungen und Schwierigkeiten mit anderen zusätzlichen Substanzproblemen. Bei den Substanzungebundenen Süchten untersuchen wir gegenwärtig den Einfluss der webbasierten Selbsthilfe bei problematischem bzw. pathologischem Glückspiel unter Berücksichtigung häufiger komorbiden Störungen und Substanzproblemen. Während der Feldphase der Masterarbeit können vor allem telefonische follow-up Interviews sowie angeleitete und supervidierte e-Coach Beratungen durchgeführt werden. Aufgrund des längsschnittlichen Charakters der Daten und der typischerweise hohen Dropout-Raten sind die Bereitschaft für die Durchführung komplexer statistischen Analysen und gute Kenntnisse in R Voraussetzung für eine Masterarbeit in den hier skizzierten Bereichen.
    Anzahl Arbeiten für dieses Thema: 2
    Zeitrahmen: ab Januar 2019
    Eingabedatum: 22.10.2018
    Kontakt: PD Dr. Michael Schaub, E-Mail

    Status: vergeben (erfasst / geändert: 17.12.2018)
  • Mental health-related stigma among primary health care workers in Lebanon: Situational analysis and Theory of Change

    Beschreibung: This Master's thesis will be conducted within the INDIGO-PRIMARY programme, which aims at improving mental health-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours among primary health care workers in eleven study sites. The present Master's thesis will focus on one or two sites, i.e. Lebanon and possibly Tunesia, and will encompass documentary and qualitative data analysis.
    Anzahl Arbeiten für dieses Thema: 1
    Zeitrahmen: August 2018 - June 2019
    Eingabedatum: 27.11.2018
    Kontakt: Eva Heim, E-Mail

    Status: vergeben (erfasst / geändert: 27.11.2018)
  • An Investigation of the Conceptualization and Measurement of Somatic Coping

    Beschreibung: People are often confronted with psychological distress (e.g., divorce, job loss, and illness). However, their reactions to cope with it are diverse. While some show a tendency to mentally cope, others tend to mainly cope with bodily symptoms. The transformation of psychological distress to bodily symptoms can be described as somatization. Although this link has a long-lasting tradition in research and practice, definitions and conceptual frameworks are heterogeneous and too simplistic to capture the symptom complexity. Therefore, based on a systematic literature review, a new integrative conceptual model called somatic coping and a corresponding measurement instrument will be developed. In order to validate this measurement instrument and to get a better empirical understanding of somatic coping and stress-related somatic symptoms, this master thesis will be part of the validation pilot study, starting in January 2019. The study will be conducted as an online survey. The specific aim of this master thesis is two-fold: (a) to investigate the conceptualization of somatic coping and (b) to revise the statistical criteria for the corresponding measurement instrument. Voraussetzungen: Interest and openness for a somatic perspective of mental health. A good knowledge of quantitative methods is required and/or a willingness for further independent learning. Start of collaboration: immediately or negotiable (but not later than mid of November 2018). Participant recruitment starts in December, followed by data collection during January/ February 2019. Reliable availability during these project steps is required. Schedule adaptations are possible.
    Anzahl Arbeiten für dieses Thema: 1
    Zeitrahmen: 10.2018 - 01.2019
    Eingabedatum: 24.09.2018
    Kontakt: Viviane Pfluger, E-Mail

    Status: vergeben (erfasst / geändert: 22.10.2018)