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Psychologisches Institut Allgemeine Interventionspsychologie und Psychotherapie


Christoph Flückiger, Prof. Dr.

  • Leiter der Fachrichtung





1998 - 2003

Psychologie Studium (lic. phil.)

Universität Bern

2003 - 2006

Doktorat (Dr. phil.)

Universität Bern

2004 - 2009

Psychotherapie-Weiterbildung (MAS)

Universität Bern

2006 - 2012


Universität Bern

2009 - 2011

SNF-Post-doc für fortgeschrittene Forscher

University of Wisconsin, USA

2009 - 2020

Alliance in Adult Psychotherapy


2011 - 2015


Universität Zürich

2014 - 2015

Supervision-Weiterbildung (DAS)

Universität Zürich

2015 - 2016

Dozentur für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie

Universität Bern

Seit 2006

Ausbilder in Weiterbildungen (Psychotherapie / Gesundheitspsychologie / Positive Psychologie) Schweiz, Deutschland

2019 - 2024

Editor-In-Chief (peer reviewed Wissenschaftszeitschrift) Psychotherapy Research

Seit 2016


Universität Zürich


Christoph Flückiger im Gespräch mit  Roger Schawinski

Ausgewählte Publikationen Psychotherapie Forschung:

Wampold B. E. & Flückiger, C. (2022, Sept.). The alliance in mental health care: conceptualization, evidence and clinical applications. World Psychiatry, 1-41. Manuscript in press for publication.

Flückiger, C., Carratta, K., Del Re, A.C., Probst, G., Vîslă, A., Gómez Penedo, J. M., & Wampold, B.E. (2022). The relative efficacy of bona fide cognitive behavioral therapy and applied relaxation for generalized anxiety disorder at follow-up: A longitudinal multilevel meta-analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.

Flückiger, C. (2022). Alliance - Aaron T. Beck Commemorative. Cognitive & Behavioral Practice (invited open access paper.

Gómez Penedo J.-M. & Flückiger, C. (2022, May). Therapist perception of interpersonally challenging patients in generalized anxiety disorder? Patent, and therapist effects, basline predictors and its associtaion with outcome in cognitive behavioral therapy. Psychotherapy Research. Manuscript in press for publication.

Vîslă, A., Stadelmann, C., Watkins, E., Zinbarg, R. E., Flückiger, C. (2022). The relation between worry and mental health in nonclinical population and individuals with anxiety and depressive disorder: A meta-analysis. Cognitive Therapy and Research.

Lo Coco, G., Gullo, S., Albano, G., Bugnera, A., Flückiger, C. & Tasca, G. (2022, May). The alliance-outcome association in group interventions: A multilevel meta-analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. Manuscript in press for publication.

Klatte, R., Rosendahl, J., Flückiger, C. & Strauss, B. (2022). Adverse events and harmful effects in psychological interventions – A systematic review of study protocols. Psychotherapy.

Flückiger, C., Paul, C., Hilpert, P., Vîslă, A., Gómez-Penedo, J-M., Probst, G. H., Wampold, B.E. (2021). Estimating the reproducibility of psychotherapy effects in mood and anxiety disorders: the possible utility of multicenter trials. World Psychiatry. 20, 445-446,

Flückiger, C., Vîslă, A., Hilpert, P., Wolfer, C., Zinbarg, R. E., Lutz, W., grosse Holtforth, M., & Allemand, M. (2021). Exploring change in cognitive-behavioral therapy for generalized anxiety disorder – A two-arms, patient blinded, ABAB crossed-therapist randomized clinical implementation trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.

Flückiger, C., Horvath, A. O. & Brandt, H. (2021). The evolution of patients’ concept of the alliance and its relation to outcome: A dynamic latent-class structural equation modelling approach. Journal of Counseling Psychology.

Gómez Penedo, J. - M., Hilpert, P., grosse Holtforth, M., & Flückiger, C. (2021). Interpersonal cognitions as a mechanism of change in cognitive behavioral therapy for generalized anxiety disorder? A multilevel dynamic structural equation model approach. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 89(11), 898–908.

Del Re, A.C., Flückiger, C., Horvath, A. O. & Wampold, B. E. (2021). Therapist effects in the alliance-outcome relationship: A multilevel meta-analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 89, 371-378.

Vîslă, A., Constantino, M. & Flückiger, C. (2021). Predictors of change in patient treatment outcome expectation during cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy for generalized anxiety disorder. Psychotherapy. 

Vîslă, A., Hilpert, P., Wolfer, C., Flückiger, C. (2021). Worry and positive episodes in the daily lives of individuals with generalized anxiety disorder: An ecological momentary assssment study. Frontiers in Psychology – Psychology for Clinical Settings.

Wolfer, C., Hilpert, P. & Flückiger, C. (2021). How therapists' interpersonal behavior is perceived by their patients and close others: A longitudinal and cross-situational study. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy.

Held, J., Vîslă, A., Wolfer, C., & Flückiger, C. (2021). Heart rate variability change during a stressful cognitive task in individuals with anxiety and control participants. BMC Psychology.

Held, J., Ramadani, L., Vîslă, A., Kölln,er, V., Hilpert, P., Wolfer, C., & Flückiger, C. (2021). Examining working memory performance in adult psycosomatic inpatients. Frontiers - Psychopathology.

Stieger, M., Flückiger, C., Rüegger, D., Kowatsch, T., Roberts, B. W., Allemand, M. (2021). Changing personality traits with the help of a digital personality change interventionPNAS.

In-Albon, T., Munsch, S., Vonderlin, E., Kalmar, J., Brodard, F., Flückiger, C., …, Mander, J. (2021). Beratungsprozesse bei Kinder- und Jugendlichen. Evaluation des Stundenbogens für Kinder und Jugendliche. Kindheit und Entwicklung.

Nguyen, H. T. M., Ackert, M., Flückiger, C. & Scheiblich, H. (2021). Centrality of Buddhist Religiosity Scale: Adaptation and validation of the Centrality of Religious Scale in a Buddhist sample in Vietnam. Religions,

Constantino, M., Coyne, A., Goodwin, B., Vîslă, A., Flückiger, C., Muir, H., Gaines, V. (2021). Indirect effect of patient outcome expectation on improvement through alliance quality: A meta-analysis. Psychotherapy Research.

Flückiger, C., Wampold, B. E., Delgadillo, J., Rubel, J., Vîslă, A. & Lutz, W. (2020). Is there an evidence-based number of sessions in outpatient psychotherapy? A comparison of naturalistic conditions across countries. Psychotherapy & Psychosomatics. doi:

Flückiger, C., Rubel, J., Del Re, A. C., ..., Barber, J. (2020). The reciprocal relationship between alliance and early treatment symptoms: A two-stage individual participant data meta-analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.

Wolfer, C., Vîslă, A., Held, J., Hilpert, P. & Flückiger, C. (2020). Assessing interpersonal skills – A comparison of trainee therapists’ and students’ interpersonal skills assessing with two established assessments for interpersonal skills. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy.

Schilling, V. N. L. S., Boyle, K. S., Rubel, J. A., Flückiger, C., Zimmermann, D., & Lutz, W. (2020). Patients’ and therapists’ actions on the precipice of change: Session processes before sudden gains and sudden losses. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration.

Solomonov, N., Bress, J. N., Sirey, J. A., Flückiger, C., …, Alexopoulos, G. (2020). Modifiable predictors of non-response to a community intervention for late-life depression with executive dysfunction: A machine learning approach. Molecular Psychiatry.

Held, J., Vîslă, A., Wolfer, C., Zinbarg, R. E., & Flückiger, C. (2020). How do worry and clinical status impact working memory performance? An experimental investigation. BMC Psychiatry, 20, 317.

Hilpert, P., Brick, T., Flückiger, C., Kuppens, P., Ceulman, E. & Sels, L. & Vowels, M. (2020). Examining self-report emotional co-regulation in face-to-face interaction - What can be learned from dyadic systems. Journal of Counseling Psychology.

Gumz, A., Reuter, L., Flückiger, C., Marx, C., Rugenstein, K., …, Munder, T. (2020). Imgang mit Spannungen und Krisen in der therapeutischen Beziehung: Erste Erfahrungen mit einem handlungsorientierten Ausbildungs- und Supervisionskonzept. Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik & Medizinische Psychologie, 70, 122-129. doi:

Flückiger, C., Del Re, A. C., Horvath, A. O., Solomonov, N. & Wampold, B. E. (2020). Assessing the alliance-outcome association adjusted for patient characteristics and treatment processes: A meta-analytic summary of direct comparisons. Journal of Counseling Psychology, doi: 10.1037/cou0000424

Penedo-Gomez, J. M., Babl, A., Krieger, T., Heinonen, E., Flückiger, C. & grosse Holtforth, M. (2020). Interpersonal agency and communion as predictors of the within-patient alliance effects on depression severity: A three-level hybrid random effects model. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 88(4), 338-349. doi:

Rubel, J., Hilpert, P., Wolfer, C., Held, J. Vîslă, A. & Flückiger, C. (2019). The working alliance in manualized CBT for generalized anxiety disorder: Does it lead to change and does the effect vary depending on manual implementation flexibility. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.

Free Access: Probst, G. H., Berger, T. & Flückiger, C. (2019). Alliance predicts outcome in internet-based therapy – A correlational meta-analysis (English and German versions). Verhaltenstherapie. 29, 182-195, doi: 10.1159/000501565 and

Podina, I. R., Visla, A. Fodor, L. A., & Flückiger, C. (2019). Is there a sleeper effect of exposure-based vs. cognitive-only intervention for anxiety disorder? A longitudinal multilevel meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review. doi: 10.1037/j.cpr.2019.101774

Flückiger, C., Hilpert, P., Goldberg, S., Caspar, F., Wolfer, C., Held, J., Visla, A., (2019). Investigating the impact of aggregated early alliance on predicting distress versus subjective change at post treatment. Journal of Counseling Psychology. doi: 10.1037/cou0000336

Free Access: Flückiger, C., Del Re, A.C., Wampold, B. E. & Horvath, A. O. (2018). The Alliance in Adult Psychotherapy: A Meta-Analytic Synthesis [APA Task force]. Psychotherapy. doi: 10.1037/pst0000172

Free Access: Flückiger, C., Del Re, A.C., Barth, J., Hoyt, W., Levitt, H., … ,  Wampold. B. E. (2018). How to conduct meta analyses in psychological interventions (MAP-24). Psychotherapy Research. doi: 10.1080/10503307.2018.1430390

Open Access: Flückiger, C., Wolfer, C., Held, J., Allemand, M., Rubel, J., Hilpert, P., Zinbarg, R. E., & Visla, A. (2018). How to customize a bona fide psychotherapy for generalized anxiety disorder?  A two-arms, patient blinded, ABAB crossed-therapist randomized clinical implementation trial design  [IMPLEMENT 2.0]. BMC-Psychiatry. 10.1186/s12888-018-1666-2

Schöttke, H., Flückiger, C., Goldberg, S., Eversmann, J. & Lange, J. (2017). Predicting psychotherapy outcome based on therapist skill: A five-year longitudinal study of a therapist group assessment. Psychotherapy Research doi: 10.1080/10503307.2015.1125546

Wampold, B. E., Flückiger, C., Del Re, A. C., Yulish, N. E., Frost, N. D., et al., (2017). In Pursuit of Truth: A Critical Examination of Meta-Analyses of Cognitive Behavior Therapy. Psychotherapy Research. 27, 14-32. doi: 10.1080/10503307.2016.1249433

Flückiger, C., Forrer, L., Schnider, B., Bättig, I., Bodenmann, G. & Zinbarg R. E. (2016). A single-blinded, randomized clinical trial of how to implement an evidence-based cognitive-behavioural therapy for generalised anxiety disorder [IMPLEMENT] – Effects of three different strategies of implementation. EBioMedicine, 3, 163-171. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2015.11.049

Visla, A., Flückiger, C., Grosse Holtforth, M. & David, D. (2016). Irrational beliefs and psychological distress: A meta-analysis. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. doi: 10.1159/000441231

Flückiger, C., Del Re, A. C., & Wampold, B. E. (2015). The sleeper effect: Artifact or phenomenon – A brief comment on are the parts as good as the whole? A meta-analysis of component treatment studies (Bell, Marcus & Goodlad, 2013). Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 83, 438-442. doi: 10.1037/a0037220

Flückiger, C., Del Re, A. C., Munder, T., Heer, S. & Wampold, B. E. (2014). Enduring effects of evidence-based psychotherapies in acute depression and anxiety versus treatment as usual at follow-up – A longitudinal meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 34, 367-375. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2014.05.001

Flückiger, C., Zinbarg, R. E., Znoj, H.J. & Ackert, M. (2014). Resource activation in generalized anxiety disorder: An observer-based microprocess analysis of in-session outcomes. Psychotherapy, 51, 535-545. doi: 0.1037/a0034119

Flückiger, C., Del Re, A.C., Horvath, A. O., Symonds, D., Ackert, M. & Wampold, B. E. (2013). Substance use disorders and racial/ethnic minorities matter: A meta-analytic examination of the relation between alliance and outcome. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 60, 610-616. doi: 10.1037/a0033161

Flückiger, C., Grosse Holtforth, M., Znoj, H. J., Caspar, F. & Wampold, B. E. (2013). Is the relation between early post-session reports and treatment outcome an epiphenomenon of intake distress and early response? A multi-predictor analysis in outpatient psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Research. 23, 1-13, doi:10.1080/10503307.2012.693773

Flückiger, C., Del Re, A.C., Wampold, B. E., Symonds, D. & Horvath, A. O. (2012). How central is the alliance in psychotherapy? - A multilevel longitudinal meta-analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 59(1), 10-17. doi: 10.1037/a0025749

Flückiger, C., Del Re, A.C., Wampold, B. E., Znoj, H.-J., Caspar, F. & Jörg, U. (2012). Valuing clients’ perspective and the effects on the therapeutic alliance – A randomized controlled adjunctive instruction. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 59(1), 18-26. doi: 10.1037/a0023648

Del Re, A.C., Flückiger, C., Horvath, A. O., Symonds, D. & Wampold, B. E. (2012). Therapist effects in the therapeutic alliance-outcome relationship: A restricted-maximum likelihood meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review. 32, 642–649, doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2012.07.002

Flückiger, C. & Grosse Holtforth, M. (2008). Focusing the therapist's attention on the patient's strengths - A preliminary study to foster a mechanism of change in outpatient psychotherapy. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 64, 876-890.


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